R 360 Neptune
R-360 Neptune is a Ukrainian anti-ship cruise missile developed by the Luch Design Bureau. Neptune’s design is based on the Soviet Kh-35 anti-ship missile, with substantially improved range and electronics. The system requirement was for a single missile to defeat surface warships and transport vessels with a displacement of up to 5,000 tons, either in convoys or moving individually. The first training missile battery entered service with the Ukrainian Navy in March 2021. On 3 April 2022, Ukrainian sources claimed that the Russian frigate Admiral Essen had been damaged by Ukrainian forces. Later, Oleksiy Arestovych, an adviser to the Office of the President of Ukraine, clarified that Admiral Essen had been hit by a Neptune missile. The Russians did not comment on the claim and the ship continued its mission as normal.On 13 April 2022, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Ukrainian sources claimed the Russian cruiser Moskva was hit by two Neptune missiles, resulting in a fire and subsequent explosion of a shipboard ammunition store. The Russian Ministry of Defence stated, without discussing the cause, that a fire had caused munitions to explode and the crew had been fully evacuated. Russia reported the vessel as still being afloat later in the day of the fire, but Russian state media subsequently reported that she had sunk in inclement weather while being towed.
R 360 Launch vehicle
the vehicles of the prototype of the coastal mobile missile complex RK-360MTS “Neptune”, which was tested in 2018-2020, were made on the KrAZ-7634NE chassis with an 8×8 wheel arrangement (for the USPU-360 launcher) and the KrAZ-6322 chassis with wheel arrangement 6×6 (for the mobile command post RCP-360, transport-loading vehicle TZM-360 and transport vehicle TM-360). However, the obvious inability of PJSC “AvtoKrAZ” to serial production of modern chassis forced the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine to choose the Czech Tatra T815 chassis with 8×8 and 6×6 wheel formulas and armored cabins for serial production of the complex. The Tatra T815 chassis are manufactured by the Czech company Tatra Trucks as, which has been part of the private association Czechoslovak Group since 2017, belonging to the Strnada family.